To put it simply, Tooth Decay is the result of an infection with certain types of bacteria that use sugars in food to make acids. Over time, these acids can make a cavity in the tooth.
When a tooth is exposed to acid frequently — for example, when you eat or drink foods and beverages containing high sugar and starches on a regular basis — the repeated cycles of acid attacks cause the enamel to continue to lose minerals. A white spot may appear where minerals have been lost, this is an early sign of Tooth decay and can be stopped or reversed at this point. Enamel can repair itself by using minerals from saliva, and fluoride from toothpaste or other sources. When the tooth decay process continues, more minerals are lost over time and the enamel is weakened and destroyed, forming a cavity.
A cavity is permanent damage that a dentist has to repair with a filling.
TREATING TOOTH DECAY
Treatment for tooth decay depends greatly on how advanced the decay is.
Early detection is the key to keeping decay from spreading, if your decay is in the early stages, a fluoride varnish applied to the area will stop further decay and help your tooth naturally repair itself.
If decay has worn away your enamel and led to a cavity, the soft decay will need to be removed and replaced with a filling to seal the hole in the tooth.
If the nerve in the middle of your tooth is damaged, you may need a root canal treatment, which removes the nerve and damaged tissues, and is then restored with a filling or crown.
If the tooth is so badly damaged it cannot be restored, it may need to be completely removed.
Early detection of decay ensures you can stop and or reverse the damage and this is not only good for your overall health, it is good on your pocket book as well!
If you think you have a decay or a cavity and would like a consultation for your best treatment options contact us at email@example.com